Mudgee is a town northwest of Sydney in New South Wales, Australia. It's known for its colonial buildings. The surrounding countryside has dozens of wineries. In the town centre, sandstone St. Mary's Catholic Church is characterised by Gothic Revival architecture. Nearby is the 19th-century Mudgee Post Office, with an arched colonnade. Lawson Park, on the banks of Cudgegong River, is crossed by a bike path.
Situated on the western slopes of the Great Dividing Range, Mudgee has some of the highest vineyards in Australia, ranging from 450 – 1180m above sea level. Frosts and cold nights delay budburst; rainfall and humidity are low; sunshine hours are great; and irrigation is essential on some but the most favoured sites. The summer and autumn days are warm, and harvest is four weeks behind the Hunter because of Mudgees cooler climate and much higher altitude.
Pressing is the act of applying pressure to grapes or pomace in order to separate juice or wine from grapes and grape skins. Pressing is not always a necessary act in winemaking; if grapes are crushed there is a considerable amount of juice immediately liberated (called free-run juice) that can be used for vinification. Typically this free-run juice is of a higher quality than the press juice.